Yuni 15, 2022

Shin Robotaxis Zai Samar da Masu Tafiya na Spokane Mafi Aminci?

Akwai ra'ayoyi da yawa masu karo da juna game da ko robotaxis zai sa hanyoyinmu da masu tafiya a ƙasa su fi aminci. Ci gaba da ci gaba a fasaha yana ɗaukar alƙawarin motoci masu tuƙa da kansu waɗanda ba za su yi sauri ba, yin watsi da aminci ko kuma su zama marasa iya tuƙi. Kamfanoni da yawa suna gwada waɗannan motocin masu tuka kansu, kuma jihar Washington ce ke kan gaba wajen yin gwaji mai yawa a yankin Pacific Northwest.

Manyan Kamfanonin Fasaha suna Gwajin Motoci da Tuƙi Mai sarrafa kansa

Yawancin manyan kamfanonin fasaha suna neman fa'ida ta gasa ta aikin injiniya da gwada motoci masu tuƙi. Sabbin gwaje-gwajen sun ƙunshi iyakanceccen sabis na robotaxi a Arizona da San Francisco. Ɗaya daga cikin manyan kamfanoni shine Waymo, wanda ya fito daga Google. Ma'aikatar ba da lasisi ta Jihar Washington ta karɓi aikace-aikacen gwada motoci masu tuƙi daga kamfanoni bakwai. Oregon ya karɓi sanarwa daga ƙarin kamfanoni guda biyu waɗanda ke son fara gwajin tasi ɗin tuƙi kuma. 

Washington sanannen zaɓi ne don gwaji saboda jihar ta shahara da ƙa'idodi masu sauƙi da ƙaramin rahoto. Jihar tana ba da izinin gwajin mota mai tuƙi tare da ko ba tare da direban madadin gaggawa ba. Ingantacciyar masana'antar giya ta jihar ta sa ya zama kyakkyawan zaɓi don gwajin tafiye-tafiye inda aka fi buƙatar su - a wuraren da ake yawan buƙatu na dare inda mutane sukan sha da tuƙi cikin haɗari.

Manyan kamfanonin gwaji don motocin tuƙi sun haɗa da Waymo, Intel, NVIDIA, Torc Robotics, May Mobility, Navya, Inc., da Dooblai LLC.

Waymo

Waymo ya gudanar da gwaje-gwaje masu yawa na tuƙi a kusa da Kirkland, Washington, inda kamfanin ke da ofisoshi masu yawa. Kamfanin ya tabbatar da cewa ya riga ya shiga gwajin mil miliyan 5 a duk wuraren gwajinsa - musamman a kusa da yankin San Francisco Bay.

Intel da Daimler

Kamfanin kera manyan motoci Daimler da Intel na kera guntu sun hada karfi da karfe don gwada motocin masu tuka kansu. Motocin farko za su ƙunshi aikin Daimler don yin jigilar manyan motoci, wanda ke haɗa jerin gwanon motoci don ingantattun ayarin motocin jigilar kayayyaki.

NVDIA

Wannan ci-gaba na fasaha na fasaha ya ƙware a aikace-aikacen basirar ɗan adam da koyon injin. An san kamfanin don manyan na'urori masu auna firikwensin da software na abin hawa. Ainihin, Nvidia tana ba da duk abin da ake buƙata don haɓaka motocin da ba su da direba a sikelin - sai dai motar kanta.

Robotics na Torc

Torc Robotics wani kamfani ne da ke Virginia, kwanan nan ya buga hotunan balaguron balaguron da ya yi a Washington a cikin Lexus SUV mai tuka kansa. Motar ta ci karo da matsalar ruwan sama da ake sa ran ta yi cikin cunkoson ababen hawa, wanda ake sarrafa ta kamar gogaggun direba.

Mai Motsi

May Motsi mai tushen Michigan, wanda ke kera ƙaramin bas mai tuka kansa, kwanan nan ya nemi sabis azaman bas ɗin jigilar kaya a cikin Belleview, Washington. Kamfanin ya yi yunƙurin samar da sufuri akan madaidaicin mil 1 zuwa 2 ta ofisoshin birni da gundumomin gidan abinci tare da haɗin gwiwa a cibiyar sufuri na birni.

Navya, Inc. girma

Navya na Arewacin Amurka yana kera robotaxis masu tuƙi da kai. Har yanzu Navya ba ta da robotaxis a Washington, amma kamfanin yana shirin gwada ruwan. Kamfanin na Autonom® Shuttle Evo yana zaune har zuwa mutane 15 kuma yana iya tafiya har zuwa sa'o'i 9 kafin a buƙaci caji. Navya, Inc. ya sami lambar yabo ta "Mafi kyawun Kwarewar Abokin Ciniki" da "Mafi kyawun Ƙarfafawa & Amincewa" daga Hukumar Kula da Titunan Dubai da Sufuri don kamfanonin da suka ƙware kan jigilar fasinja masu cin gashin kansu.

Dooblai LLC

Dooblai, wani kamfani ne da ke da hedkwata a yankunan Redmond-Bellevue na Washington, yana kera manhajojin tukin kai.

A jihar Washington, gwamnan ya ba da umarnin zartarwa domin karfafa gwajin motoci masu zaman kansu a jihar. Tuni dai jihar ta samu dokar da ke tallafawa motocin masu tuka kansu da kuma wajabcin samar da tsare-tsare na tafiyar da ababen hawan.

Hatsari da Takardun Motocin Tuƙi da Kansu

Tambayar da ta rage - motoci masu tuƙi za su ba da sakamakon da ake tsammani na mafi aminci ga duka direbobi da masu tafiya a ƙasa? Nazarin ya ba da amsa gauraye. Kawo yanzu dai motoci masu cin gashin kansu sun shiga cikin hadarurruka 9.1 a duk tafiyar mil miliyoyi. A cikin 2021, a cikin Spokane kadai, akwai Hatsarin kan hanya 163 wanda ya yi sanadiyar mutuwar mutane 13. Duk da yake waɗannan lambobin sun yi ƙasa sosai fiye da motocin da ke da direbobi, yana da mahimmanci a tuna cewa motocin da ba su da tuƙi suna wakiltar ɗan juzu'in motocin da ke kan hanya ne kawai.

Sauran Wuraren Gwajin Motocin Tuƙi da Kansu

Jihohi XNUMX sun amince da gwajin motocin masu cin gashin kansu tare da direban ɗan adam, amma Washington ce kaɗai ke ba da izinin gwajin sarrafa kansa gaba ɗaya. Dangane da bayanin da aka buga a inverse.com, umarnin zartarwa na Gwamnan Washington Jay Inslee ya ƙarfafa gwaji mai cin gashin kansa a cikin jihar ba tare da masu tuƙi ba.

Jerin kamfanonin da suka nemi gwajin Washington ba su haɗa da wasu kamfanoni da ke da hannu a cikin mummunan hatsarin gwajin AV ba. Direbobin Tesla da yawa sun ji rauni ko kuma sun mutu a gwajin software na “autopilot” na motocin, wanda ya ɓata kuma ya haifar da AVs ɗin da ke kan motocin da ke tsaye. An bayar da rahoton sabbin hadurran Tesla a ranar 11 ga Mayu, 2022.

Motar gwaji ta Uber ta buge da kashe wani mai tafiya a ƙasa a kwanan nan a watan Maris 2018 a cikin abin da aka gane a matsayin hatsarin mota mai tuka kansa na farko. Akwai tambayoyin da ke tattare da ko direban gwajin lafiyar ya shagala lokacin da motar ta bugi mai tafiya a ƙasa, kuma a haƙiƙa, an tuhumi "direban" da laifin kisan kai da gangan kuma za a yi shari'a a cikin wannan shekara. Wani abin sha'awa shine, Uber ta tsallake rijiya da baya saboda kamfanin yana ikirarin cewa hatsarin ba zai faru ba da direban bai shagala ba.

Kididdigar Hatsarin Mota na Kwanan nan a Spokane

Dangane da bayanin da aka buga a kxly.com, hadurran ababen hawa na karuwa a Spokane da sauran Washington. Ma'aikatar Sufuri ta Amurka tana kashe miliyoyin daloli don rage yawan haɗarin haɗari, kuma kwanan nan Shugaba Biden ya ƙaddamar da "Tsarin Tsarin Tsara", wani yunƙuri da aka tsara don rage yawan mace-mace da raunuka. An ƙaddamar da wannan shiri na biliyoyin daloli a watan Nuwamba 2021 a matsayin wani ɓangare na babban lissafin kayayyakin more rayuwa. Yana mai da hankali kan hasashen kurakuran ɗan adam da ke haifar da haɗari a ƙoƙarin kare direbobi, masu kekuna, da masu tafiya a ƙasa.

Yana da hanya da wuri don yin hasashen ko AVs suna riƙe amsar tuƙi mafi aminci. Akwai yuwuwar kurakuran software, tsoma bakin direba, da rashin aiki na hardware don yin la'akari. Idan matsakaiciyar kwamfuta ita ce mai nuna alama, za a iya yin garkuwa da zirga-zirga ta hanyar masu yin kutse ta software. A gefe mai kyau, yawancin kididdigar haɗari a Washington suna nuni ga karkatar da tuƙi, tuƙi a ƙarƙashin rinjayar, da gudu a matsayin babban dalilin haɗari. Yaduwar amfani da AVs na iya ba da mafita ga matsalolin tuƙi.

Game da marubucin 

Kyrie Mattos


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