Oktoba

Bincika Manyan Masana'antu a New Jersey

New Jersey jiha ce mai dimbin tarihi. Wasu masana'antun da suka fara zama New Jersey arziƙi har yanzu suna nan a yau, girma kuma sun fi kowane lokaci.

Kafin Golden Age na Hollywood ya yi birgima, New Jersey ita ce wuri mafi girma a duniya don samar da fina-finai. Kafin duka sai dai wata jiha, a cikin 1976, New Jersey ta zaɓe don halatta casinos a cikin kuri'ar raba gardama a faɗin jihar, tana mai da Atlantic City a matsayin makoma ga masoya wasan. Amma duk da haka babbar masana'antar New Jersey a yau an kafa ta ne bayan babban mai fafatawa.

Masana'antar Biopharmaceutical

Yayin da aka kafa Pfizer a matsayin kamfani a Brooklyn a cikin 1849, zai kasance wasu shekaru 37 kafin Johnson & Johnson, giant biopharmaceutical na New Jersey, za a kafa. Kodayake New Jersey ba ta da sauri daga jemage kamar yadda tarihi ya kasance mai hikimar masana'antu, Johnson & Johnson zai kasance ɗaya daga cikin manyan kamfanoni da suka taɓa fitowa daga jihar.

An sanya shi a no.37 a cikin jerin Fortune 500, abin da ya fara a matsayin kamfani mai sassaucin ra'ayi ya girma ya zama ɗaya daga cikin manyan ma'aikata a cikin jihar. Wannan kamfani kadai ya juya dala biliyan 82.1 a cikin 2019.

Wannan ya sa Johnson & Johnson ya zama babban kamfani na biopharmaceutical, ta hanyar kudaden shiga, a duk duniya. Kodayake Pfizer ya fara farawa a kansu, da alama wannan kamfani na New Jersey yana da fiye da ɓata lokacin.

Tabbas, Johnson & Johnson ba shine kawai babban kamfani na wannan nau'in da ke wanzu a New Jersey ba. Wani kamfanin biopharma da ke cikin jerin shi ne Merck, wanda ya samu kudaden shiga a wannan shekarar na dala biliyan 46.8, ba karamin kara wa jihar ke samu ba.

Masana'antar Casino

New Jersey ta kasance farkon mai ɗaukar wasan caca da aka halatta, kodayake ta sake mayar da duk gidajen caca na ƙasa zuwa Atlantic City a cikin 1976. Wannan ya sanya Atlantic City ta zama cibiyar yawon buɗe ido da masu sha'awar caca iri ɗaya. Wannan birni shi kadai ya saya a cikin dala biliyan 3 a bara daga caca ta ƙasa. Babu wani ma'ana idan aka yi la'akari da Atlantic City yana ɗaukar kilomita murabba'i 45 kawai.

Tabbas, a zamanin yau akwai wani babban ɗan wasa da zai shiga cikin wasan caca, wanda shine reshen kasuwancin kan layi. Dukansu wasannin kan layi da na tushen ƙasa an haramta su a yawancin jihohin Amurka, don haka New Jersey ta yi amfani da mafi ƙarancin dokokinta. Wannan ya baiwa mazauna su damar wasa karta a cikin PokerStars ba tare da fuskantar wani takunkumi kan nau'ikan wasannin da za su iya bugawa ba.

Masana'antar Fim

A karshe, duk da cewa ba daya daga cikin manyan masu fafutukar samun kudaden shiga ga jihar ba. masana'antar fina-finai ta New Jersey ya cancanci girmamawa. New Jersey ita ce wurin haifuwar silima ta zamani ba tare da jayayya ba kamar yadda muka sani.

A ƙarshen 1880s, babu wani sai Thomas Edison da ƙungiyarsa suka ƙirƙira kinetoscope da kinetoscope. An yi waɗannan binciken ne a cikin Yammacin Orange kuma sun kasance babban misali na kusa na kyamarar hoto da na'urar daukar hoto da muka sani a yau. Yayin da ake yin fim ɗin a cikin jihar na dogon lokaci, ba a daɗe ba kafin Hollywood ta saci hasken.

Game da marubucin 

Peter Hatch


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