Janairu 5, 2018

Duk Mac Systems da Na'urorin iOS Suna Shafar Meltdown da Specter: Apple Ya Ce

Dukanmu mun san cewa Masu bincike na Tsaro sun gano raunin tsaro da ke da alaƙa da duk masu sarrafawar zamani waɗanda aka ƙera a cikin shekaru 10 da suka gabata wanda ya shafi kusan dukkanin na'urorin sarrafa kwamfuta da tsarin aiki. Masu binciken sun sanyawa wadannan kwari suna Mawallafi da Specter.

kwatankwacin-kallo

Waɗannan kwari kayan aiki sun karya mahimmin tushen tsarin tsaro wanda ya ba da damar shirin damar samun damar ƙwaƙwalwar sauran shirye-shirye da tsarin aiki waɗanda zasu iya haɗa da bayanai masu mahimmanci kamar kalmomin shiga da bayanan sirri. Dangane da binciken Google, harin Meltdown yana aiki ne da Intel CPUs wanda ke aiwatar da zartar da tsari. Ba a bayyana ko AMD da ARM sun shafa ba. Duk da yake sun tabbatar da aibin Specter akan masu sarrafa Intel, AMD, da ARM. Bugu da ƙari, duk mai ba da girgije ta amfani da Intel CPUs da Xen PV azaman ƙwarewa da waɗanda ba tare da ainihin ƙwarewar kayan aiki kamar Docker, LXC, ko OpenVZ ba.

apple

Game da waɗannan kwari na kayan aiki, apple ya kuma tabbatar da cewa kusan dukkanin kayan aikin Mac da na iOS sun shafi matsalar tsaro ta Meltdown da Specter. A cikin kamfanin goyon bayan page Apple ya ce “Waɗannan batutuwan sun shafi dukkan masu sarrafa zamani kuma suna shafar kusan dukkanin na'urorin sarrafa kwamfuta da tsarin aiki. Dukkanin tsarin Mac da na iOS abin ya shafa, amma babu wani amfani da aka sani da ke shafar kwastomomi a wannan lokacin. ”

Kamfanin ya kuma bayyana cewa waɗannan batutuwa za a iya amfani da su ta hanyar muguwar aikace-aikace a kan na'urar iOS ko Mac. Har ila yau, Apple ya ba da shawarar ga masu amfani da shi don saukar da software daga "amintattun kafofin," kamar su Stores na kansa.

Hakanan ya ambata cewa an saki ragowar kan Meltdown tare da sabunta software ɗinsa na MacOS (10.13.2), iOS (11.2), da tvOS (11.2). Koyaya, Meltdown bai shafe agogon Apple ba. Don taimakawa kare kan Specter, ”Apple ya ce zai fitar da sabunta software nan ba da dadewa ba ga Safari.

Sauran kamfanoni kamar su Google da Microsoft tuni sun fitar da faci don rage waɗannan larurorin.

 

Game da marubucin 

Megan


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