July 17, 2022

These Are the Best Programming Languages and Frameworks to Learn in 2022

Computer programming is what we know as writing an executable program using programming languages, algorithms, processes, tools, and resources. The source code is the one written by professionals known as programmers that precisely tells the computers which actions to take and how to work properly.

It’s based on computer logic, so the programmer should translate their thoughts and ideas into programming language syntax, so the machine understands and implements it.

There is also a reversed approach when the programmers analyze existing software or app, so they can understand how it works. Later, they use that knowledge to re-interpret and re-create the protocol and implement it in other solutions.

A Brief History of Programming

Early programming was quite different than what we know as modern programming. First, there were machine languages working exclusively for a specific machine. Instructions were written in binary notation, and later assembly languages were invented as text instructions using abbreviations. That was the beginning of coding, which led to compiler languages. Compilers were used in the 50s and 60s to help programmers use optimized and abstract code for faster calculations.

The codes were punched on paper tape and cards, but in the late 60s, source codes were established, and developers could write codes using computers and edit them as needed.

Luckily, that’s far behind us, since today, we have many languages and frameworks available to develop applications and advanced software for different purposes.

Many talented computer scientists and programmers are embracing their IT and app development careers, being available to hire through modern platforms such as https://adevait.com/.

Still, the question is, which programming languages and frameworks are worth learning in 2022?

Let’s find out!

1. HTML and CSS

HTML is an abbreviation of HyperText Markup Language. It’s a must for website developers since it’s used to create the structure of the page. If you learn the basics of HTML and how to use opening and enclosing tags, you are ready to build a website skeleton.

But, HTML is not enough by itself because it doesn’t allow customizing the content. That’s why it is used together with CSS, which is literally styling the web and adding decorations.

If you want to become a web designer and developer, get familiar with HTML and CSS so that you can understand the advanced languages and frameworks later.

2. JavaScript

JavaScript is also used for web development, web services, mobile apps, and games. With JavaScript, developers create dynamic and interactive elements, customize the clickable buttons, and gain more control over the navigation and readability.

Programmers often use it together with HTML and CSS to build functional websites. It’s easy to learn, and it’s still one of the most demanded programming languages.

3. Java

Java is used for finance software, eCommerce websites, and app development. Developers create objects since it’s an object-oriented language, and that helps them give structure to the applications.

It’s relatively easy to learn, and Java code runs on any operating system due to the “Write-once, run-anywhere” approach. You only have to find out how to update java, so you can use the most recent version to maximize the performance.

This explains the existence of JavaScript runtime environments to execute the code outside the web browser. Node.js is the best example of a cross-platform JavaScript environment used to optimize web applications. It’s up to you to learn how to use node.js as you get better at JavaScript, so you can focus on bigger and more serious projects in the future.


4. PHP

PHP is a server-side programming language used for websites and applications. Many websites and web services still use PHP as a foundation, even though there are many highly functional frameworks like Laravel, Symfony, CodeIgniter, Phalcon, FuelPHP, etc.

PHP frameworks are widely used because they cut down the time needed to write the code and launch the application.

We suggest learning the Core PHP, so you can later learn how to use Laravel as a mostly anticipated framework or any other you find suitable for your projects.

5. React Native

React Native is the first framework mentioned in this article. It’s one of the most used UI frameworks to create applications for Android, iOS, Windows, macOS, or even VR apps at Oculus.

The best feature is that you can develop one app for all the operating systems simultaneously. It’s based on React, which is a JavaScript library, which leads us to the conclusion that you need to be familiar with JavaScript to learn React Native.

When you embrace React Native, you are learning how to reach a wider audience, improve your productivity as a developer, reuse older code pieces, but also how to debug react native apps, and fix all the bugs on time.

6. Ruby and Ruby on Rails

Ruby is a general-purpose programming language used for static websites, automation, data processing, web scraping, etc. It’s an object-oriented language used to build desktop applications.

Ruby was used to building the Ruby on Rails framework, which helps the developers build websites and applications. It simplifies traditional coding, and it’s great for projects that need to reach the market as soon as they are launched.

7. C and C++

C was created in the 70s and today is used to teach students and beginners the basics of structured programming. It’s a great way to learn how to use keywords and logic operators, but also to write functions, including libraries, define variables, arrays, and strings, call for procedures, and open and edit files.

C++ came a few years later, introducing the concept of object-oriented programming. It uses almost the same functions and commands as C but supports more types of memory management.

Even though C and C++ are mostly used to introduce students to programming concepts, you can still find great examples of C++ usage in games, servers, and databases.

8. Python

We couldn’t complete this list without putting Python on it. You will be surprised to learn that it was used on so many tools and apps we use today, including Instagram, YouTube, Uber, Reddit, Dropbox, etc.

It’s one of the most popular backend languages and is mostly used by data scientists and machine learning engineers. Even though it’s older than 30, it’s still growing, and many IT companies require at least basic knowledge in Python, so they can proceed with hiring.

So, maybe the decision to learn this programming language is the best you can make. The syntax is clear and easy, and just like C and C++, it’s a great language for beginners to get to know the concepts of programming better.

Final Words

People who want to become programmers have plenty of options to do that. Universities and academies offer courses and study programs, and you need to choose the one that suits you most.

Professionals from other niches also decide to take a whole new turn in their careers, so they embrace the chance to become qualified developers. Luckily, we have so many chances today to decide what we want to work without sticking to studies and formal education.

Of course, programming has been one of the most anticipated careers in the last decade. And it would still be in the future because new tech inventions are launched every day, and someone needs to keep up with them and improve the overall experience.

About the author 

Peter Hatch

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